Anthony J. Pennings, PhD

WRITINGS ON DIGITAL STRATEGIES, ICT ECONOMICS, AND GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS

Digital Disruption in the Film Industry – Gains and Losses – Part 1: The Camera

Hats off to Keanu Reeves for doing a thoughtful and timely documentary on the move from photochemical to digital film. In Side by Side (2012) he interviews some of the best directors and directors of photography (DPs) about the transformation of the film making process from celluloid to silicon. The transition, which has taken decades, […]

Why AT&T Invented and Shared the Transistor that Started the Digital Revolution

Share Tweet The invention of the transistor in 1947 provided an extraordinary capability to control an electrical current. It was initially used for amplifying electromagnetic frequencies and then for switching the 1s and 0s needed for digital computing. An unlikely scenario unfolded in the 1950s when AT&T’s fear of government anti-trust action and regulation sparked […]

how IT came to rule the world, 1.8: Bell Labs and the Transistor

Three licensees in particular, Motorola, Texas Instruments and Fairchild took advantage of AT&T’s transistor technology.

How IT Came to Rule the World, 1.6

Minuteman missiles utilized transistors developed by Bell Labs and then commercialized by Western start-ups who created the small silicon-based computing “chips” for their guidance systems. Combined with NASA’s Gemini and Apollo projects, the first major markets were created for integrated circuits or ICs, a crucial innovation for computing.

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  • About Me

    Professor and Associate Chair at State University of New York (SUNY) Korea. Recently taught at Hannam University in Daejeon, South Korea. Moved to Austin, Texas in August 2012 to join the Digital Media Management program at St. Edwards University. Spent the previous decade on the faculty at New York University teaching and researching information systems, media economics, and strategic communications.

    You can reach me at:

    anthony.pennings@gmail.com
    anthony.pennings@sunykorea.ac.kr

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    The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views of my employers, past or present.